History of Dance Team
History of Dance Team History of Dance Team

A dance squad or dance team, sometimes called a pom squad or drill team, is a sport team that participates in competitive dance.

In a routine, a squad will incorporate a specific dance style (i.e. hip-hop, jazz or lyrical), technical work (tumbling, leaps, turns, kicks, splits, jumps) and, depending on the routine, pompon and/or cheers.

A pom squad slightly differs from a regular dance squad in that it uses pom-poms in all its dance routines, whilst a regular dance squad may or may not do pom work in a dance routine.

Dance teams are also popular in performance dance, especially at sporting events, most commonly performing during the pre-game and halftime periods (and, in a number of cases, on the sidelines) of football and basketball games.

Dance is a highly competitive sport.

Youth/association, middle school, high school, collegiate, all-star, and professional teams compete on local, regional, state, national, and international levels.

Teams are judged on a number of criteria including form, team unison, showmanship, precision of motions, jumps, leaps, turns, choreography, enthusiasm, and, in the case of pom squads, visual use of poms-poms. Pom squads are like cheerleading or dance, but they use poms. (pom-poms).

Pom squads also use kicklines in their routines, after they set down their poms, or choose to hold them during the kickline.

A kickline routine is a routine of kicks, which cheerleaders also use. High kicks, fan kicks, low kicks, and kicks that go to their waist. Pom squads regularly compete in competitions, and perform at sporting events. Sometimes, a cheerleading squad will perform a pom routine for a competition.


Dance squads emphasize precise, synchronized motions along with technical dance skills (such as jumps, turns, and leaps). Their routines encompass various styles of dance including the more usually incorporated hip hop, jazz, lyrical, and kickline styles, to the more unusually used styles like disco, rock and roll, and gospel. A key feature of the dance is the ability to change formations very smoothly.

Types of Dance Squads

High School and Collegiate Pom
Traditional high school dance/pom squads include competition, performance dance, and promoting school spirit with dance. Dance/pom is usually a year-round sport, performing in competitions and at sporting events, most commonly football and basketball games. Some schools also have their dance team perform short sideline dances, and some dance teams also perform at school pep rallies.

College dance squads are like traditional high school squads in that both include competition and performance dance, but there are many differences between the two. For example, a college squad will most likely dance on the sidelines at games or have a specific spot in the stands, whereas high schools usually reserve this activity for cheerleaders.

The U.S. All Star Federation governs all-star dance-pom squads.
Tryouts for all-star dance squads may be conducted in different ways. Some teams have only one tryout in the spring, whereas others may have a tryout in the spring and another in the fall. Some squads have year-round open tryouts where anyone can try out at any time during the season. The opportunity to compete in many large competitions attracts dancers to all-star programs. All-star dance teams can compete regionally, nationally, and even internationally.

Texas Dance/Drill Teams
In Texas, many high school dance teams are a special form of drill team consisting of approximately usually 30-70 members. Texas drill teams are precision based dance teams with traditional uniforms usually consisting of white cowboy hats and white boots. Texas drill teams perform visual dances in the stands and during halftime at football games. Texas drill teams often use large visual props. Some teams compete in the spring at various dance competitions in the Texas area that are made for drill teams. Texas drill teams are highly structured with a chain of command similar to the military including captains, colonels, and lieutenants. Texas has over 100 drill teams.

Several colleges in Texas also have drill teams. Well-known teams include the Tyler Junior College Apache Belles and the Kilgore College Rangerettes. These two teams have a long-standing rivalry and were the first two college drill teams created in Texas.

MSHSL Dance Team
In Minnesota, competitive high school dance team is regulated under the Minnesota State High School League. The season begins after a two week choreography period in October and ends after the State Tournament in February each year. Team selection is lead by the coaching staff in a tryout process individual to each participating school.

Teams within this league are able to compete in one of three class divisions; A, AA, or AAA and in one or both of two categories; High Kick or Jazz. The High Kick division requires a routine that ranges from 3:00 to 3:30 in length and consists of up to 34 competing members. The Jazz division has a range between 2:30 and 3:00 in length and may have up to 26 competing members. Music selection is done by the coaching staff and/or members of the team. Throughout the state, a wide variety of costume styles are worn to enhance the theme or mood of each routine.

During the competition season, teams compete within their designated Conference, at Team Invites, within designated Sections, and may qualify to compete at the State Tournament. Visit MSHSL Dance Team Judging for more information on dance team scoring process.

NFL, NBA, MLS and NLL are all more dance teams than cheerleading squads.

Many dance squads both in high school and college require everyone to attend a tryout. These are typically held in the spring or early summer, before most sports begin. There are many different aspects of a tryout. The first thing many tryouts do is go through basic dance techniques that will be used during the season. These include but are not limited to toe touches, fouetté turn combinations and switch leaps. Other things that are many times included in a dance team tryout is the expectation that you can quickly master multiple short routines in different styles. Depending on what type of dance team the tryout is for will depend on what styles of dance you must know. NDA teams compete with routines that must incorporate jazz, hip hop and pom styles, so many times you will learn a routine in each of these types of dance.

Champion Tours & Events, Inc. conducts competitions for secondary school and all-star dance teams. It holds national competitions in New York City at the College of Staten Island, in Los Angeles at the Mater Dei High School, and in Orlando, Florida at the University of Central Florida.

The Universal Dance Association, founded in 1980, holds a national championship for high school, college, and all-star dance teams at Walt Disney World Resort in Orlando, Florida. Approximately 300 high school, college, and all-star teams compete at the competition annually.

Eighty percent of success is showing up. -Woody Allen

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