History of Huayno Dance
History of Huayno Dance History of Huayno Dance

Huayno (Waynu in Aymara and Quechua) is a genre of popular Andean Music and dance originally from Serrania, Peru.

It is especially common in Peru, but also present in Chile, Bolivia, Argentina and Ecuador, and is practiced by a variety of ethnic groups, including the Quechua and Aymara people.

The history of huayno dates back to the colonial Peru as a combination of traditional rural folk music and popular urban dance music. High-pitched vocals are accompanied by a variety of instruments, including quena (flute), harp, siku (panpipe), accordion, saxophone, charango, lute, violin, guitar, and mandolin.

Some elements of huayno originate in the music of the pre-Columbian Andes, especially on the territory of former Inca Empire.

Huayno utilizes a distinctive rhythm in which the first beat is stressed and followed by two short beats.

Sikuri (from siku "panflute"), a kind of huayno which is performed on panflutes, especially common in the Altiplano region (Peru, Bolivia).

The siku players use an hocket-like interlocking technique to play the entire melody.

Carnaval Ayacuchano, a holiday genre from the Ayacucho Region, Peru

Hiyawa or hiyaway (Quechua: hiyawa(y), Spanish: jiyawa(y), jiyahua(y)) dry season ritual song and dance from north of Potosí Department, Bolivia

The dance begins with the man offering his right arm to the women as an invitation for her to dance (there is even a special word for this action, Quechua: waynukuy "to invite woman to dance a waynu"). Alternatively, he puts his handkerchief on the shoulder of the woman. Next, the partners walk along an enclosure, and finally they dance. The dance consists of an agile and vigorous stamping of the feet during which the man follows the woman, opposite to front, touching her with his shoulders after having turned around, and only occasionally he touches his right arm to the left hand of his partner while both swing to the rhythm of the music. His movements are happy and roguish.

Notable Examples
"El Cóndor Pasa" by Daniel Alomía Robles (second part, with high tempo, the first part is harawi)
"Vírgenes del Sol" by Jorge Bravo de Rueda
"Adiós pueblo de Ayacucho"

Ludovico Bertonio, Aymara-Spanish dictionary
Teofilo Laime Ajacopa, Diccionario Bilingüe Iskay simipi yuyayk'ancha, La Paz, 2007

Never look down on anybody unless you helping him up. -Jesse Jackson

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